Root canal therapy is a reparative procedure to help save your tooth. This treatment usually requires 1-2 visits depending on the condition of your tooth and your personal circumstances. This does include any follow-up visits required.
The pulp is a soft tissue that is composed of the nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues of the tooth. The pulp is a chamber in the crown underneath the enamel and dentin layers of the tooth, that extends down through the root canal to the tip of the root. Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected from: deep decay, repeated dental procedures, cracks/chips in the tooth from trauma or grinding, faulty crowns, etc. If the pulp is untreated, it can cause pain or abscess formation. Even if there is no pain, the bone anchoring the tooth in the jaw can become damaged.
This treatment begins with removal of the infected pulp by carefully cleaning and disinfecting the inside of the tooth. Then, the tooth is sealed with a rubber like material called gutta percha. Afterwards, the tooth is restored with a filling and/or crown for protection.