Periodontal disease treatment

For Periodontal disease treatment:

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection of the gums and soft tissues of the mouth. There are two stages of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums that may present as red, swollen, tender, and/or bleed easily. This may be caused by inadequate dental hygiene, but with professional treatment in the office and improved at-home oral care, this may be reversed. If left untreated, gingivitis may progress into periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease where plaque and tartar have spread below the gum line. Bacteria in the plaque (sticky biofilm that adheres to your teeth) release toxins that stimulate an inflammatory response, which in turn destroy the supporting tissues and bone of the teeth. When this happens, the gum separate from the teeth forming periodontal pockets that become infected. This disease has different stages ranging from mild to severe. Symptoms include: loosening of teeth, bleeding, bad breath, moderate to severe formation of calculus, and soreness of the gum tissue.

A routine dental cleaning is performed for those with healthy gums or those with gingivitis. Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) is a non-surgical procedure necessary for those who have periodontal disease. This procedure removes the calculus (tartar) and bacteria below the gum line that is not reachable with at-home oral care. There are many risk factors for periodontal disease, such as smoking, diabetes, and poor oral hygiene. This disease has also been linked to an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, and atherosclerosis. Routine visits with your dentist will help to control the disease.

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